Tawa Native Bush Reserve Plants

Plant List

Below is a table of plants sighted in the Tawa Bush Reserves over time. This list is kindly supplied by botanist and author Gil Roper.

TAWA NATIVE BUSH RESERVES – PLANTS

Māori or Common NameBagnall 1981Atkinson 1972Gabites and Bagnall 1975Mitcalfe and Horne 1999Wellington Botanical Society 2011
GYMNOSPERMS  
Dacrycarpus dacrydioideskahikatea
Dacrydium cupressinumrimu
Podocarpus totara var. totaratōtara ✓ ✓ ✓
Prumnopitys ferrugineamiro ✓ ✓
Prumnopitys taxifoliamataī
  
MONOCOTYLEDON TREES 
Cordyline australistī kōuka, cabbage tree
Rhopalostylus sapidanīkau
  
DICOTYLEDON TREES AND SHRUBS 
Alectryon excelsustītoki
Aristotelia serratamakomako, wineberry
Beilschmiedia tawatawa
Brachyglottis repandarangiora
Carpodetus serratusputaputawētā, marbleleaf ✓
Coprosma areolata 
Coprosma grandifolia (autumnalis)kanono  ✓ ✓
Coprosma lucidakaramū
Coprosma propinqua var. propinquamingimingi
Coprosma propinqua x C robusta  ✓
Coprosma repenstaupata
Coprosma rhamnoides  ✓
Coprosma robustakaramū
Corynocarpus laevigatus*karaka
Dysoxylum spectabilekohekohe ✓
Elaeocarpis dentatus var. dentatushīnau  ✓
Fuchsia excorticatakōtukutuku, tree fuchsia ✓
Geniostoma ligustrifolium var. ligustrifoliumhangehange  ✓  ✓  ✓  ✓  ✓
Griselinia lucidapuka
Hedycarya arboreaporokaiwhiri, pigeonwood  ✓  ✓  ✓
Hoheria populnea*houhere, lacebark  ✓
Hoheria sexystylosa+      
Knightia excelsarewarewa
Kunzea robustakānuka
Laurelia novae-zelandiaepukatea  ✓  ✓  ✓  ✓
Lophomyrtus bullataramarama
Melicytus ramiflorus subsp. ramiflorusmāhoe,  whiteywood  ✓  ✓  ✓  ✓
Myrsine australismāpou, red matipo  ✓  ✓  ✓  ✓  ✓
Olearia raniheketara
Pennantia corymbosakaikōmako  ✓  ✓  ✓  ✓  ✓
Piper excelsum subsp. excelsumkawakawa  ✓  ✓  ✓  ✓
Pittosporum eugenioidestarata, lemonwood
Pittosporum tenuifoliumkōhūhū  ✓ ✓
Pseudopanax arboreuswhauwhaupaku, five finger  ✓  ✓  ✓  ✓
Pseudopanax crassifoliushoroeka,  lancewood
Schefflera digitatapate, false five finger  ✓  ✓  ✓  ✓
Solanum aviculareporoporo
Solanum laciniatumporoporo
Streblus heterophyllustūrepo, small-leaved milk tree
Syzygium mairemaire, tawake
Veronica strictakoromiko
  
MONOCOTYLEDON LIANES 
Freycinetia banksiikiekie
Ripogonum scandenskareao,  supplejack  ✓  ✓  ✓  ✓ ✓
  
 DICOTYLEDON LIANES 
Clematis paniculatapuawānanga
Metrosideros diffusaclimbing rātā
Metrosideros fulgensscarlet rātā
Metrosideros perforataclinging rātā  ✓  ✓  ✓  ✓
Muehlenbeckia australispōhuehue  ✓  ✓  ✓  ✓
Muehlenbeckia complexapōhuehue
Parsonsia heterophyllaakakaikiore  ✓  ✓  ✓  ✓
Passiflora tetrandrakōhia
Rubus cissoidestātarāmoa, bushlawyer  ✓  ✓  ✓  ✓
  
LYCOPODS 
Nil  
FERNS 
Asplenium bulbiferummanamana (hen and chicken) ✓  ✓  ✓
Asplenium bulbiferum x A. hookerianum 
Asplenium flaccidummawake o Raukatauri, hanging spleenwort ✓
Asplenium hookerianum   ✓
Asplenium oblongifoliumshining spleenwort
Asplenium polyodonpetako, sickle spleenwort ✓  ✓ ✓
Blechnum chambersiinini, rereti ✓
Blechnum discolorcrown fern
Blechnum filiformepānako, thread fern ✓ ✓
Blechnum fluviatilekiwakiwa
Blechnum membranaceum 
Blechnum novae-zelandiaekiokio
Blechnum procerum 
Botrychium australepātōtara, parsley fern
Botrychium biformefine-leaved parsley fern
Cobaea scandens 
Cyathea dealbataponga, silver fern
Cyathea medullarismamaku, black tree fern
Cyathea smithiikātote, soft tree fern
Dicksonia squarrosawhekī
Histiopteris incisamātātā,  water fern
Hymenophyllum demissumirirangi, filmy fern
Hymenophyllum sanguinolentumpiripiri, filmy fern ✓
Hypolepis ambigua 
Lastreopsis microsora subsp. pentangularis 
Lastreopsis glabellasmooth shield fern
Lastreopsis hispidahairy fern
Lastreopsis velutinavelvet fern
Leptopteris hymenophylloidesheruheru, single crepe fern ✓
Microsorum pustulatum subsp. pustulatumkōwaowao, hounds tongue
Microsorum scandensmokimoki, fragrant fern
Paesia scaberulamatata,  ringfern
Pellaea rotundifoliatarawera, round-leaved fern ✓ ✓
Pneumatopteris pennigerapākau,  gully fern
Polystichum neozelandicum subsp. zerophyllum 
Polystichum richardiipikopiko,  shield fern  ✓  ✓  ✓  ✓
Pteridium esculentumrārahu,  bracken
Pteris macilentasweet fern
Pteris tremulashaking, or tender brake
Pyrrosia eleagnifoliaota,  leatherleaf fern  ✓  ✓  ✓  ✓  ✓
Rumohra adiantiformisleathery shield fern ✓
  
ORCHIDS 
Corybas trilobusspider orchid
Microtis unifoliamāikaika, onion-leaved orchid ✓
Pterostylis banksiitutukiwi,  greenhood
Pterostylis gramineatutukiwi,  greenhood ✓
Thelymitra longifoliamaikuku,  sun orchid ✓
  
GRASSES 
Microlaena polynodabamboo grass
Microlaena stipoidespātītī, meadow rice grass
Rytidosperma graciledainty bristle grass
  
SEDGES 
Carex banksianafine-leaved ‘bastard’ grass
Carex dissitaforest sedge
Carex forsteriForster’s sedge
Carex uncinatakamu, hooked sedge ✓
Isolepis prolifer 
Schoenus maschalinusdwarf bog rush ✓  ✓
  
RUSHES 
Juncus pallidusgiant rush
Juncus sarophorus wī
  
MONOCOT HERBS OTHER THAN ORCHIDS, SEDGES, RUSHES 
Astelia fragranskakaha
Astelia hastatatank lily
Astelia solandrikōwharawhara
Phormium cookianumwharariki, coastal/mountain flax
  
DICOTYLEDON HERBS 
Cardamine debilis agg.NZ bitter cress
Hydrocotyle moschata 
Hyrocotyle novae-zeelandiae   ✓
Ranunculus reflexusmaruru,  buttercup  ✓
Senecio glomeratus subsp. glomeratus   ✓
Senecio hispidulus 
Stellaria parvifloraNZ chickweed
Urtica feroxongaonga, tree nettle

Notes:

  1. The listed plants are from all the reserves but not necessarily located in each of the Tawa Native Bush Reserves.
  • The two plants designated with an asterisk * are not naturally occurring in the Wellington Ecological District 39.01.
  • +Personal communication with Anita Benbrook, Wellington City Council, 2016.

SOURCE OF LIST:

Roper Gilbert, 2017: Tawa the tree, the community and its reserves pp 157-163. Tawa Historical Society.

  • Yellow Pohutukawa in flower

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